Vol. 59 No. 1 (2020)
Review

Mycotoxins in maize: mitigation actions, with a chain management approach

Roberta PALUMBO
Faculty of Agriculture, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense 84, 29100 Piacenza, Italy
Ana GONÇALVES
CEB - Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
Athanasios GKRILLAS
Università degli studi di Parma, Via Università 12, 43121, Parma, Italy
Antonio LOGRIECO
National Research Council, Institute of Sciences of Food Production, via Amendola 122/O, 70126, Bari, Italy
Jean-Lou DORNE
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Via Carlo Magno 1A, 43126, Parma, Italy
Chiara DALL’ASTA
Università degli studi di Parma, Via Università 12, 43121, Parma, Italy
Armando VENÂNCIO
CEB - Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
Paola BATTILANI
Faculty of Agriculture, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense 84, 29100 Piacenza, Italy
Published March 14, 2020
Keywords
  • Aspergillus,
  • Fusarium,
  • aflatoxins,
  • fumonisins,
  • deoxynivalenol
How to Cite
[1]
R. PALUMBO, “Mycotoxins in maize: mitigation actions, with a chain management approach”, Phytopathol. Mediterr., vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 5-28, Mar. 2020.

Abstract

Maize is the principal staple food/feed crop exposed to mycotoxins, and the co-occurrence of multiple mycotoxins and their metabolites has been well documented. This review presents the infection cycle, ecology, and plant-pathogen interactions of Aspergillus and Fusarium species in maize, and current knowledge on maize chain management to mitigate the occurrence of aflatoxins and fumonisins. Preventive actions include at pre-harvest, as part of cropping systems, at harvest, and at post-harvest, through storage, processing, and detoxification to minimize consumer exposure. Preventive actions in the field have been recognized as efficient for reducing the entrance of mycotoxins into production chains. Biological control of Aspergillus flavus has been recognized to minimize contamination with aflatoxins. Post-harvest maize grain management is also crucial to complete preventive actions, and has been made mandatory in government food and feed legislation.

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