Vol. 25 No. 1 (2022): Anno XXV, 1-2022
Dossier - Tra Merito e Competenze

La scuola inclusiva come principio di equità: un traguardo per una educazione democratica

Guido Benvenuto
Ordinario di Pedagogia sperimentale - Università di Roma La Sapienza
Published July 20, 2022
  • Inequalities,
  • Justice in Education,
  • Equity,
  • Merit,
  • Competencies Evaluation
How to Cite
Benvenuto, G. (2022). La scuola inclusiva come principio di equità: un traguardo per una educazione democratica. Studi Sulla Formazione/Open Journal of Education, 25(1), 7-20. https://doi.org/10.13128/ssf-13725


National and international educational policies, with due differences, have always considered the issue of social and cultural inequalities with particular attention to re-organize the regulatory framework and improving the quality of teaching in educational contexts. In recent years, particular attention and, at the same time, concern have animated the public and political debate, introducing into the pedagogical lexicon dimensions concerning justice, equity and merit concerning academic results, performance, the achievement of skills, and, therefore, the need and methods of evaluation. Therefore, a fundamental antinomy has arisen in education policies: a school that wants to be inclusive must guarantee progress and educational success to each one, and therefore cannot be selective, that is, allow itself to leave someone behind and pursue merit, intended as a reward and waste recognition. A society and a school that want to enhance the differences and consider the specific needs of each one must reconsider the aims of education and instruction, in the perspective of educating society, guaranteeing everyone the achievement of transversal skills goals and professionalizing.


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