Vol. 60 No. 2 (2021)
Articles

Fomitiporia mediterranea M. Fisch., the historical Esca agent: a comprehensive review on the main grapevine wood rot agent in Europe

Samuele MORETTI
Laboratoire Vigne Biotechnologies et Environnement UPR-3991, Université de Haute Alsace, 33 rue de Herrlisheim, 68000 Colmar
Andrea PACETTI
Laboratoire Vigne Biotechnologies et Environnement UPR-3991, Université de Haute Alsace, 33 rue de Herrlisheim, 68000 Colmar
Romain PIERRON
Laboratoire Vigne Biotechnologies et Environnement UPR-3991, Université de Haute Alsace, 33 rue de Herrlisheim, 68000 Colmar
Hanns-Heinz KASSEMEYER
State Institute for Viticulture, Plant Pathology & Diagnostics, Merzhauser Str. 119, 79100 Freiburg
Michael FISCHER
JKI-Julius Kühn-Institute, Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Plant Protection in Fruit Crops and Viticulture, D-76833 Siebeldingen
Jean-Pierre PÉROS
UMR AGAP Institut, Université de Montpellier, CIRAD, INRAE, Institut Agro, F-34398 Montpellier
Gabriel PEREZ-GONZALEZ
Department of Microbiology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003
Evie BIELER
University of Basel, Swiss Nanoscience Institute - Nano Imaging Lab, Basel, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 50 CH-4056 Basel
Marion SCHILLING
Université de Lorraine, INRAE, IAM, F-54000 Nancy
Stefano DI MARCO
Istituto per la Bioeconomia, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna
Eric GELHAYE
Université de Lorraine, INRAE, IAM, F-54000 Nancy
Laura MUGNAI
Department of Agricultural, Food, Environmental and Forestry Science and Technology (DAGRI), Plant pathology and Entomology section, University of Florence, P.le delle Cascine, 28, 50144 Firenze
Chritophe BERTSCH
Laboratoire Vigne Biotechnologies et Environnement UPR-3991, Université de Haute Alsace, 33 rue de Herrlisheim, 68000 Colmar
Sibylle FARINE
Laboratoire Vigne Biotechnologies et Environnement UPR-3991, Université de Haute Alsace, 33 rue de Herrlisheim, 68000 Colmar
Published September 13, 2021
Keywords
  • Fmed,
  • Basidiomycete,
  • white rot,
  • wood symptoms,
  • foliar symptoms
How to Cite
[1]
S. MORETTI, “Fomitiporia mediterranea M. Fisch., the historical Esca agent: a comprehensive review on the main grapevine wood rot agent in Europe”, Phytopathol. Mediterr., vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 351-379, Sep. 2021.

Abstract

Fomitiporia mediterranea M. Fisch. (Fmed) is a basidiomycete first described in 2002, and was considered up to then as part of Fomitiporia punctata (P. Karst) Murrill. This fungus can degrade lignocellulosic biomass, causing white rot and leaving bleached fibrous host residues. In Europe Fmed is considered the main grapevine wood rot (Esca) agent within the Esca disease complex, which includes some of the most economically important Grapevine Trunk Diseases (GTDs). This review summarises and evaluates published research on Fmed, on white rot elimination by curettage or management by treatments with specific products applied to diseased grapevines, and on the relationship between wood symptoms and Grapevine Leaf Stripe Disease (GLSD) in the Esca disease complex. Information is also reviewed on the fungus biology, mechanisms of pathogenicity, and their possible relationships with external foliar symptoms of the Esca disease complex. Information on Fmed control strategies is also reviewed.

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