Photomontage in the Fascist Magazine La Difesa della razza: Visual Sources, Manipulations, Controversies
- Portuguese Language,
- racist polemic,
- photomontage technique
Through the analysis of some particularly significant examples, the article analyses the use of photomontage within the fascist magazine La Difesa della razza between 1938 and 1942: starting with the well-known first cover, which later became the logo of the periodical and blends together anti-Semitism and anti-black racism; up to some later images denigrating Africans, which also open up a reflection on the instrumental use of prints and works of art from the early modern era in racist polemic; and then ending with the anti-Semitic polemic during the Second World War and the question of the circulation of visual stereotypes in different fields and newspapers. As is evident from the examples examined, this cut-and-paste technique of assembling images and texts offered a way of disassembling, reassembling and manipulating heterogeneous sources, weaving them into a new texture: a modern language mobilised to engage the viewer through violent visual propaganda.