Vol. 59 No. 1 (2020)
Research Papers

Essential oil from fennel seeds (Foeniculum vulgare) reduces Fusarium wilt of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon)

Fatma KALLELI
Department of Horticultural Sciences and Vegetable Crops, High Institute of Agronomy of Chott Mariem, University of Sousse, 4042 Sousse, Tunisia
Ghassen ABID
University of Tunis El Manar, Center of Biotechnology of Borj Cedria, Laboratory of Legumes, BP 901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia
Ibtissem BEN SALEM
Department of Biological Sciences and Plant Protection, High Institute of Agronomy of Chott Mariem, University of Sousse, UR13AGR03, 4042 Sousse, Tunisia
Naïma BOUGHALLEB-M’HAMDI
Department of Biological Sciences and Plant Protection, High Institute of Agronomy of Chott Mariem, University of Sousse, UR13AGR03, 4042 Sousse, Tunisia
Mahmoud M’HAMDI
Department of Horticultural Sciences and Vegetable Crops, High Institute of Agronomy of Chott Mariem, University of Sousse, 4042 Sousse, Tunisia
Published March 13, 2020
Keywords
  • Antifungal activity,
  • defence related genes,
  • plant disease,
  • phytochemicals,
  • RT-qPCR
How to Cite
[1]
F. KALLELI, G. ABID, I. BEN SALEM, N. BOUGHALLEB-M’HAMDI, and M. M’HAMDI, “Essential oil from fennel seeds (Foeniculum vulgare) reduces Fusarium wilt of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon)”, Phytopathol. Mediterr., vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 63-76, Mar. 2020.

Abstract

Natural products have been considered a viable alternatives for managing plant diseases. This study investigated in vitro and in planta antifungal activity of an essential oil from fennel seeds against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (FOL). The essential oil inhibited FOL in vitro mycelium growth by up to 83% and sporulation by up to 97%. Protective effects against Fusarium wilt were observed in planta, especially when the oil was applied curatively at a concentration of 500μl mL-1. The fennel essential oil reduced disease severity from 98% in untreated FOL-inoculated plants to 57% in plants inoculated with FOL and treated with the oil at 8 weeks after of inoculation. GC-MS spectrometry analyses showed that the major chemical components in the essential oil were trans-anethole (78%), fenchone (11%), estragole (5%) and limonene (4%). Applications of the essential oil resulted in increased soluble sugars, total phenolic and total flavonoid contents in leaves compared with untreated inoculated (control) plants. The defence-related genes, such as those encoding pathogenesis-related (SlPR1) proteins, SlWRKY, thaumatin-like protein (SlTLP), lipoxygenase (SlLOX), ethylene response factor (SlERF) and chitinase (SlChi), were differentially expressed. This study has indicated that essential oil from fennel seeds has potential as a control agent against Fusarium wilt of tomato.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...