Vol 119, No 1 (Supplement) 2014
Supplement abstract

Virgin oil polyphenols prevent UVB-induced keratinocyte cell death

Published 2015-03-19


  • HaCaT,
  • UVB,
  • antioxidants,
  • apoptosis

How to Cite

Salucci, S., Burattini, S., Curzi, D., Giordano, F. M., Buontempo, F., Martelli, A. M., Falcieri, E., & Battistelli, M. (2015). Virgin oil polyphenols prevent UVB-induced keratinocyte cell death. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 119(1), 172. Retrieved from https://oajournals.fupress.net/index.php/ijae/article/view/2525


Food compounds, in particular hydroxytyrosol (HyT), hydroxytyrosol laurate (L-HyT) and tyrosol (Tyr), polyphenols present in virgin oil, have attracted much interest because of their potential use in new preventive, protective, and therapeutic strategies for chronic skin degenerative disorders, including erythema, inflammation and aging (Lahtz et al., 2013). In our previous studies HyT and L-HyT antiapoptotic effects, against pro-oxidant agents in different cell models, have been demonstrated (Burattini et al., 2013). Here, the potential protective actions of antioxidant compounds against UV-induced apoptosis were investigated in human keratinocytes (HaCaT). The cell line was pre-treated with antioxidants before UVB exposure and their effect evaluated by means of ultrastructural and molecular analyses. After UVB radiation typical morphological apoptotic features appeared and their significant down regulation could be observed when polyphenols were administrated before cell death induction. These data have been confirmed by molecular analyses. In fact, both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathways appeared activated after UVB radiation. When antioxidants were added to samples before cell death induction, an evident caspase activation decrease could be revealed. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that polyphenols are able to prevent in vitro apoptotic cell death in human keratinocytes exposed to UVB, encouraging their use in vivo as potential sun damagepreventing molecules.