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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Arrangement: Manuscripts, typed double spaced with wide margins, tables and figures are to be submitted in duplicate and arranged as follows.

Title page: the first page of each paper should indicate the title (in low case, except the initial of the first word), the authors’ names (full first name, middle initial and full surname of each author) and departmental and institutional affiliation, a running title not exceeding 50 characters including spaces, up to six key words, full address with e-mail and number of telephone and fax of the corresponding author. Summary: a summary should precede the text, not exceeding 250 words and free of abbreviations and references. Introduction: should be clearly explaining the purpose of the research. Materials and methods: should be presented with all information useful for possible repetition of the experiments. Results: should include the presentation of all experimental data and a description of original observa- tions. The points where the illustrations and tables are to be inserted should be indicated in the manuscript.

Discussion: should report general considerations and the conclusions of the research. Acknowledgments: including financial support and declaration of conflict of interest, if any. References: the list should include all and only those publications which are cited in the text, and should be arranged in alphabetical order. References must include the surname and initials of the name of all Author(s), year of publication, full title of the paper, title of the journal abbreviated according to international nomenclature, volume, first and the last page of the paper as follows:
Haider S.G., Passia D., Overmeyer G. (1986) Studies on the fetal and postnatal development of rat Leydig cells em- ploying 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity. Acta Histochem. 32 (Suppl.): 197-202.

Monographs and books will be referred by surname and initials of the Author(s), year of publication, full title, pub- lisher, place of publication, as follows:
Matthews D.E., Farewell V.T. (1985) Using and understanding medical statistics. Karger, Basel. When articles included in a book are quoted, please refer: the surname and initial of Author(s), year of publication, title of the article, the word “in” followed by the surname and initials of the editor(s) of the book, title of the book, publisher, place of publication and page numbers, as follows: Cottingham S.L., Pfaff D. (1986) Interconnectedness of steroid-binding hormones: existence and implications. In: Gauten D., Pfaff D.: Current Topics in Endocrinology, Vol. 7, Morphology of the hypothalamus and its connections; Springer, Berlin. Pp. 223-250.

In the text, the names of Authors must be followed by the year of publication. In case of more than two Authors, only the first one is named, followed by “et al.”.

Tables: when quantitative data are represented, the meaning of the indicated variance values needs to be defined (standard deviation, standard error, 95% confidence limits or else). Tables should be provided as Word or Excel files, NOT as images.

Captions for figures: the captions should make the figures self-explicative without referring to the text and without repeating extensively what is given in the Results section. The magnification of photomicrograph should be indicated as such or, preferably, by a scale bar in the lower right corner. If quantitative data are represented (as graphs etc.), the meaning of the error bars needs to be defined (standard deviation, standard error, 95% confidence limits or else).

Figures: high quality half tone or colour photomicrographs, professional level art work and graphic should be provided for printing; line drawings should not exceed 28 x 36 cm. Lettering and labels must be readable after reduction; when printed, an illustration or group of illustrations should not exceed 19.2 cm long by 12.2 wide.

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