Vol 121, No 1 (2016)
Original Article

Radiological anatomy of the breast

Published 2016-06-03


  • breast,
  • normal anatomy of the breast,
  • mammography,
  • breast ultrasound,
  • development of the breast

How to Cite

De Benedetto, D., Abdulcadir, D., Giannotti, E., Nori, J., Vanzi, E., & Capaccioli, L. (2016). Radiological anatomy of the breast. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 121(1), 20–36. Retrieved from https://oajournals.fupress.net/index.php/ijae/article/view/1541


Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer site in women (28.8% of all cancer sites), the second most common in the world with an estimated 1.67 million new cases diagnosed in 2012 (25% of all cancers) and an estimated lifetime risk of 1/9 women. It is the fifth cause of tumor death overall (7.5%) and the first in women. Diagnostic senology has the purpose of the early diagnosis of breast cancer. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the role of all imaging techniques in studying the normal morphological anatomy of the breast. Knowing the normal anatomy of the breast is essential to integrate all available imaging techniques in order to distinguish normal from pathological structures.