Multimodal imaging in the diagnosis and evaluation of intestinal malrotations in adults: a case report
- adult intestinal malrotation,
- multimodal diagnosis,
- RX-contrast studies,
- computed tomography
How to Cite
Midgut malrotation is a congenital anomaly referring to either lack of or incomplete rotation of the fetal intestines around the axis of the superior mesenteric artery during fetal development. It is rare in adulthood and the true incidence is difficult to estimate because most patients are asymptomatic. The diagnosis is usually performed with several radiological and surgical methods. We report a case of a woman who presented with cramp-like abdominal pain localized to the right iliac fossa. The patient underwent abdominal ultrasound, radiological examination without and with contrast, and computed tomography with three-dimensional volume rendering reconstruction. Although small bowel follow-through is often enough to recognize the type of malrotation, using multimodal imaging may offer a better definition of this abnormality with a better definition of the kind of malrotation, by adding additional anatomical information. In our case, the imaging clearly showed malrotation of the small bowel with reverse rotation of the colon. Hence a multimodal imaging strategy proved useful for the diagnosis of intestinal malrotation in an adult afflicted by chronic cramp-like abdominal pain.