Just Accepted List

Il potenziale trasformativo del dono, della cura e delle reti territoriali: spazi di prossimità e pratiche di solidarietà durante la pandemia a Catania

Elisa Privitera, Università di Catania
Luca Lo Re, Università Sapienza di Roma

Accepted: March 2021 | Published Online:  March 2021  | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12495

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic has unveiled the fragility of urban systems and the need to rethink the forms of contemporary living towards more collaborative ways. In response to the shortcomings of Italian public welfare, networks of solidarity between fragile people and third sector actors have emerged, highlighting the intertwining of geographies of inequalities and the spatialization of proximity. This article seeks to analyse the mutualism actions carried out by citizens and civic organizations of Catania during the lockdown of the pandemic when there was a high socio-economic emergency even before health one. The authors aim to outline what the transformative and long-term horizon of solidarity practices has been and can continue to be and how these can translate into public policies that are adaptive and connected to the needs of the places.

Keywords: inequality; solidarity; proximity; third sector; covid-19 pandemic; gift practices


Habiter la pandémie. Relation entre habitabilité et accessibilité urbaines à Paris sous la Covid-19

Alessia de Biase, LAA-LAVUE, Ensa Paris La Villette
Juliette Charron, LAA-LAVUE, Ensa Paris La Villette
Solène Leray, LAA-LAVUE, Ensa Paris La Villette

Accepted: March 2021 | Published Online:  March 2021  | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12581

ABSTRACT

This article explores the interaction between habitability and urban accessibility in Covid-19 time. If urban habitability is constituted by a series of adjustments and readjustments that any city makes over time to allow for 'coexistence' in both ordinary and extra-ordinary times, we hypothesize that the notion of accessibility is operative to understand how the city redesigns itself in the Covid-19 era. We conducted a cartographic investigation with students from the École Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Paris La Villette, which aimed to understand how an idea of urban accessibility might re-emerge from the spatial transcription of government-imposed restrictions. To begin this demonstration, we carried out a 'cartographic operation' based on Giambattista Nolli's method, invented to map the city of Rome in 1748.

Keywords: habitability, accessibility, city, Covid-19, cartography, Paris


‘Partecipare le città’ ai tempi del Covid. Riflessioni intorno all’esperienza Fare Milano

Maddalena Rossi, Università di Firenze
Camilla Perrone, Università di Firenze
Andrea Pillon, Università di Torino

Accepted: March 2021 | Published Online:  March 2021  | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12507

ABSTRACT

In the pandemic era participatory processes have undergone structural transformations both as regards the institutional practices of involving local communities in the construction of tools for territorial governance and public policies, and as regards the plurality of experiences of collective self-organization, which in the face of the health emergency have seen their redefinition and multiplication. The paper questions the consequences of such evidence, reflecting on the Fare Milano experience, promoted in October 2020 by the municipal administration, in the form of a large city forum, aimed at collective reflection on the future of the post-covid city and at restoring itself a strategic direction of growth and to design a scenario for its restart. Significant perspectives and challenges emerge for a re-profiling of the boundaries of civic participation in the post-pandemic era.

Keywords: Participatory process, pandemic


Landscapes of Hope: weaving shared values through resilience narratives and serious geogames

Bruno de Andrade, Delft University of Technology
Antonio Carlos Queiroz Filho, Federal University of Espírito Santo

Accepted: March 2021 | Published Online:  March 2021  | DOI: 10.13128/contest-11700

ABSTRACT

This article deals with questions and practices involving the debate on the role of shared urban values as a measure of an interactive and healthy urban life to design the post-pandemic city based on the ethics of collaboration and trust. It was in this sense that, over a series of teaching and research activities at the School of Architecture, Planning and Environmental Policy, University College Dublin, Ireland, we proposed the application of narrative of resilience and serious geogames in the debate of care in public engagement. This was done in order to assess their potential in designing possible common futures through ludic elements as an approach to emancipatory learning and action. The results of these experimental activities and the participants' feedback point to the formulation of an “open” methodology, which unfolds, based on epistemologies and local actors, for the weaving of collaborative and resilient urban landscapes in the face of the problem 1) the unsustainability of urban development opposed to community values; 2) the digital revolution and the rise of individualism and detachment, and 3) urban diversity in decay due to the increase in privatization, suppression or restriction of accessing public spaces and everyday life. Next steps of the research will focus on the creation of an original game in mixed reality for the co-creation of the post-pandemic city based on care between the inhabitants and the territory at a new level of depth of engagement through hope.

Keywords: landscapes of hope, urban values, urban design, serious geogames, public engagement, post-pandemic city


HOMING CITY. Un progetto di ricerca sulla gestione degli spazi minimi di prossimità nel welfare per il superamento delle crisi pandemiche

Maddalena Rossi, Università degli Studi di Firenze
Camilla Perrone, Università degli Studi di Firenze

Accepted: January 2021 | Published Online:  February 2021  | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12469

ABSTRACT

The contribution exemplifies a research proposal developed during the first wave of the pandemic (Covid- 19) as an institutional response to the question of how to match the need for safety, care, protection, and distancing in cases of emergency, with the indispensable need for human beings to experience the material space, renew the relationship with nature and manage the 'trading zone' between human and non-human (i.e. viruses and the ether). The research proposes the formulation of guidelines for the preparation of "proximity urban welfare management plans" in the phases of outbreak and overcoming of pandemics in order to guarantee the quality of life and the fundamental rights of people to live in safe conditions. The background of this proposal is the idea that a rethinking of the forms of regulation, management, and governance of cities is needed, together with “active caring” flexibility, resilience, and institutional preparedness. The proposal is pre-conceived with the aim of disseminating the idea and the approach and therefore building research partnerships for the implementation of the work.

Keywords: urban welfare, proximity, preparedness


Territorio educante. Spazi dinamici di istruzione nella città come scuola

Benedetta Masiani, DIDA, Università di Firenze

Accepted: December 2020 | Published Online: Februrary 2021 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12287

ABSTRACT

The relationship between planning and education spaces shows some weaknesses highlighted by the Covid-19 pandemic. The static management of the territories has not allowed to found effective solutions to face the emergency, leading to the total or partial closure of schools, with consequences for the quality of the educational process. However, the pandemic can be an opportunity to redefine the agreement between territories and schools, prompting us to recall some of the most important reforms of the educational system, historically linked to overcoming of medical-health issues. It is therefore proposed, starting from the reactivation of local resources, to identify in the territory the answer to a collective need for education, from a systemic point of view, able to host the virtuous practices of a school that opens up to the city and give back to the city the ability to do schooling.

Keywords: School and territory; Widespread education; Open city; Pandemic; Relationship


Open issues and opportunities to guarantee the “right to the ‘healthy’ city” in the post-Covid-19 European city.

Federico Camerin, IUAV, Venezia

Accepted: January 2021 | Published Online: February 2021 | DOI: 0.13128/contest-12504

ABSTRACT

This paper approaches the post-Covid-19 city in a historical perspective to reflect on new solutions for a common European urban development. The work deals with two features within the debate on post-pandemic territories. First, to comprehend that the current issues affecting the European city (such as socio-spatial segregation, urban inequalities, and environmental issues) are not just due to the pandemic. Instead, such issues dated back to the mid-19th-century Haussmannisation patterns and their evolution over time. Second, to provide some tips to foster a debate on the management of the existing urban environment in the post-pandemic period. Emphasis is put on some concepts and key points regarding the post-Covid-19 city. Despite not being new or innovative, the approaches of ‘15-minute city’ and ‘Superblocks’ models approaches are suitable to develop a healthier, safer, and more ecologically and socio-economic balanced city in response to the 2020 pandemic outbreak in Europe.

Keywords: 15-minute city, Superblocks, urban development, capitalist city, post-Covid-19 city


Concetti, forme del piano, pratiche e nodi critici per un contributo alla innovazione possibile del paradigma disciplinare.

David Fanfani, Chief editor of Contesti, Università di Firenze

Accepted: February 2021 | Published Online: February 2021 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-11569

ABSTRACT

Pandemic outbreak triggered a wide ranging debate about its originating factors, possible remedies and prospects that directly calls for a revision of settlements management and spatial organization. Those conceived as a key issues that relates ways of exploiting resources, social and territorial development forms. From this point of view, the disciplinary nature of urbanism and spatial planning, as a specific dimension of public policy, is clearly called into question. For this reason, in the form of a reading, it was decided to present in this issue the volume edited by Anna Marson Urbanism and planning in the territorialist perspective (2020, Macerata: Quodlibet), as a contribution to intentionally restoring the coordinates of a relatively successful innovative approach, based on the recovery of the co-evolutionary relationship between the human and environmental dimensions, enhanced in its various expressions, within the “Territorialist School”, inspiring matrix of the different interventions presented in the volume.


Il diritto alla città della cura. La condizione anziana in tempi di pandemia

Elena Dorato, Dipartimento di Architettura, Università di Ferrara
Maria Giulia Bernardini, Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza, Università di Ferrara

Accepted: January 2021 | Published Online:  January 2021  | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12263

ABSTRACT

Throughout this contribution, an urban planner and a philosopher of law wonder about the meaning assumed today by the expression "city of care" and its potential for the elderly population. Moving from a critical perspective, the Authors introduce an interdisciplinary dialogue that is the first step to an urban vision aimed at recognizing the subjectivity and rights of older people, thus overcoming the established logic where the elderly person is precluded access to the public dimension of contemporary urban living. Starting from the assumption that it is fundamental not only to recognize the right of older people to accessibility to the public sphere, but also their full ownership of the "right to the city", the contribution moves from the tragic effects of the global health emergency to affirm the need for a radical change that is a cultural change, even before a health-care and an urban one.

Keywords: Covid-19, right to the city, elderly people, public space, social health


Retoriche urbane al tempo della pandemia

Romeo Farinella, Università di Ferrara

Accepted: December 2020 | Published Online: January 2021 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12289

ABSTRACT

The urban problems that the pandemic poses are not new problems, they have been the object of urban planning reflection since the founding of the discipline with the industrial revolution. The policies of growth and development have thus become an opportunity for the accumulation of wealth for small groups, while the negative effects on the environment as well as social inequalities have not been (and do not constitute) a source of concern. The time has come to question the ethics of doing and governing architecture and urban planning, Covid-19, like the current environmental crisis, does not require generic answers but precise field choices. The considerations in this text address several topics. First of all, the relationship between pandemic, environmental crisis and inequality. This problematic interweaving has repercussions on the organisation of cities and processes of urban "neo-colonialism" that fail to recognise the complexity of the urban phenomenon in the world. Finally, the association between the pandemic, the environmental crisis and the city, which presupposes urban visions and shared projects, but appears increasingly directed towards marketing strategies, to the detriment of governance practices.

Keywords: environmental crisis, inequalities, project, southern urbanism


Shifting Theory in the Midst of a Pandemic

Robert L. Thayer Jr., Emeritus Professor Department of Human Ecology University of California, Davis

Accepted: June 2020 | Published Online: July 2020 | DOI: 0.13128/contest-11936

ABSTRACT

The global COVID-19 pandemic threatens much of the theory of human proxemics, and raises fundamental questions about human evolution and contemporary life. If we evolved in close contact with each other for thousands of years, does “social distance” contradict this fact? In today’s world, what should be local and what should be global? How much human suffering and death should be tolerated to “save the economy”? These and other questions are examined in this essay.


Ricostruire la partecipazione civica nella nuova normalità. Alcuni indirizzi per una possibile rifondazione

Giovanni Allegretti, Centro de Estudos Sociais, Universidade de Coimbra

Accepted: June 2020 | Published Online: July 2020 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-11935

ABSTRACT

Durante il periodo dell’emergenza COVID-19, la maggior parte dei processi partecipativi in corso in vari paesi è stata messa in pausa. Nel frattempo, varie reti che mettono in dialogo facilitatori, consulenti, funzionari pubblici e politici impegnati in percorsi partecipativi hanno cominciato ad interrogarsi sul “dopo”: su come muteranno le persone e quanto dovranno cambiare i percorsi partecipativi della “nuova normalità”. A partire dalle testimonianze raccolte dall’autore in varie reti internazionali, il testo cerca di proporre una sintesi di alcuni punti comuni emersi dei dibattiti di questi mesi e di alcune esperienze che hanno tentato di iniziare a ripensare i percorsi partecipativi di coinvolgimento degli abitanti nelle politiche pubbliche. L’autore identifica alcuni dei principali mutamenti paradigmatici che possono dare una direzione nuova per ripensare i percorsi partecipativi nel periodo della graduale riapertura delle attività bloccate dalla pandemia, verso il superamento di approcci di stampo assistenzialista, paternalista e “dall’alto in basso” come quelli che hanno caratterizzato le fasi più difficili dell’emergenza.


Suolo e contesto. Riflessioni sul post-covid.

Rosario Pavia, Già Ordinario di Urbanistica, Università di Pescara

Accepted: October 2020 | Published Online: November 2020 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12174

ABSTRACT

The pandemic is part of a vast and inexorable process of changing the environment and its balance. We must go back to dealing with this process which has led to a profound change in the notion of context. The article reflects on the origins of this process and on its awareness.


Il grande assente nelle iniziative per il rilancio dell’Italia: il territorio.

Paolo Baldeschi, Già ordinario di Pianificazione Urbanistica, Università di Firenze

Accepted: October 2020 | Published Online: November 2020 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12023

ABSTRACT

The document “Recovery plan for Italy 2020-2022”, known as Colao Plan has been presented in June 2020. Waiting the most programmatic decisions regarding how to use the Ricovery Found resources, the article presents an analysis of the chapters dedicated to the topics that most directly affect the territory and the city: 1) Infrastructures and the environment, the driving force for relaunch, 2) Green and hydrogeological instability, 3) Housing, highlighting the limits of approach and of strategy.


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