Just Accepted List
RURALITIES - Contesti 2 | 2021 Upcoming Issue
Edited by Antonio di Campli and Catalina Mejía Moreno
Territorio rurale e comunità progettante. L’esperienza del distretto biologico di Fiesole
Giulia Fiorentini, Università degli Studi di Firenze DIDA - Dipartimento di Architettura
Maddalena Rossi, Università degli Studi di Firenze DIDA - Dipartimento di Architettura
Iacopo Zetti, Università degli Studi di Firenze DIDA - Dipartimento di Architettura
Accepted: September 2021 | Published Online: November 2021 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12983
A biological district born on the initiative of a group of local inhabitants and entrepreneurs, an idea taken over by a local administration, a rural landscape of great cultural value and an experience of territorial governance that has always been innovative, these are the elements of the small story told in these pages. Within this story we propose an example of management of rural territory and of protection of an historic landscape, describing a virtuous relationship between a local community, agricultural practices and environmental equilibrium. The connection between the creation of a biological district and urban planning at the level of a Municipality is one of the cornerstones of this experimentation, mainly because the narrated experience was born in an extremely collaborative atmosphere of co-design, where economic players, public administration and citizens were able to meet the challenge of a renewed active citizenship, highlighting the potentialities of a designing community.
Keywords: Rural areas, Agriculture, Regional planning
Alterazioni rurali. Il caso di Borgo Mezzanone
Camilla Rondot, Politecnico di Torino
Accepted: August 2021 | Published Online: November 2021 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12977
The article is the result of a research carried out from September 2020 to July 2021 as a project for the master's thesis of the Architecture and Construction City Course at the Politecnico di Torino. It was developed through several interviews with institutional actors and representatives of associations operating in the area, including: Intersos, Io Ci Sto, Casa Sankara. It was enriched through a photographic survey and a guided inspection carried out in June 2021, as well as through a recognition of literature from different disciplinary backgrounds. The aim is to problematize the category of rural, which is by no means univocal, as is clearly shown by the reading of the impacting economic dynamics affecting the territory of the province of Foggia and their spatial repercussions. The research uses the territory of Borgo Mezzanone, where one of the largest informal settlements in Italy is located, as a case study, relating it to the dynamics that govern the production system in this territory.
Keywords: Informal settlements, exploitation, production, rural, Borgo Mezzanone
Yanming Lake Town, Henan. Il potenziamento dello spazio rurale nella Cina contemporanea
Leonardo Ramondetti, Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning (DIST), China Room research group, Politecnico di Torino
Accepted: September 2021 | Published Online: November 2021 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12967
The contribution discusses the ongoing spatial transformations in the rural areas of inland China, based on the investigation of Yanming Lake Town in Zhongmu County, Henan. This place, considered ‘off the map’ until the last decade, is now subjected to radical changes: new infrastructures are built, new settlements are developed, and new productive activities are promoted. By investigating the ongoing restructuring and the emerging landscape, the paper uses the radicality of Chinese context to question some phenomena which are broadly debated in today’s rural studies. Particularly, two are the main issues: what are the new relations between urban and rural areas, and how they influence the way in which rural spaces are designed.
Keywords: Chinese urbanisation, urban-rural relations, new agrarian landscape, rural infrastructure
Territori contadini nel Sud del Mali. La ruralità come dimensione spaziale, politica e simbolica della resistenza Bambara
Elvira Pietrobon, Phd candidate, Regional planning and public policies, IUAV
Accepted: October 2021 | Published Online: November 2021 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-13036
This paper proposes a reflection on rurality starting from the cultural expressions and peasant practices of the Bambara ethnic group of the South of Mali in West Africa. The contribution has been developed through a field research based on a prolonged sharing of the everyday life. The article identifies peasant resistance as the foundation of local geographies, referring to decolonial critical thought as a theoretical basis for highlighting the relationships between the political and symbolic dimension and the spatial and territorial one. The resulting peasant territories are defined in their potential at an interpretative and design level, which invests the rural with a meaning that goes beyond the borders of the continent and questions the hegemony of the categories of thought that cannot be released from the filter of the market economy.
Keywords: peasant resistance, food sovereignty, identity, decoloniality, Africa
VIVIENDA RURAL AFROCARIBE: ESPACIALIDAD, TRADICIÓN Y FUTURO. Nuevas perspectivas para la vivienda afro rural en las comunidades negras de Montes de María, Colombia.
Daniel Huertas Nadal, PH.D. Architect. School of Architecture and Design, Architecture Department, University of Los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia
Carolina Pinedo Cobos, Architect, School of Architecture and Design, Architecture Department, University of Los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia
Accepted: October 2021 | Published Online: November 2021 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12984
Traditional Afro housing is the only material heritage element capable of relating the spatial manifestation and cultural identity of Afro-descendant communities. This research reviews the identity roots of Afro-rural housing to propose development strategies that guarantee the differential ethnic focus of new housing policies. It is proposed to overcome the descriptive approaches on vernacular techniques and deepen the manifestation of the intangible heritage that Afro-Caribbean housing represents, to promote housing as a social articulator and guarantee of transmission of values that define the identity of black communities in the construction of the future.
Keywords: Ancestral housing, Afro-Caribbean, Ethno-development, Afro-rural housing, Differential Ethnic Approach
Il ruolo femminile nelle pratiche di resistenza contadina dei territori Diola Kasa.
Alessandra Manzini, Phd candidate, Regional planning and public policies IUAV
Accepted: October 2021 | Published Online: November 2021 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-13042
Diola Kasa peasant resistance in Lower Casamance can be described as an unprecedented hybridisation of spirituality, rationality, ecosystem awareness and attention to climatic changes. This paper highlights the centrality of the female role in the Diola culture as a constant and driving force of resistance. Peasant resistances combine 'inertial' factors with new possible interpretations of spatial and social relations. They differ in nature, strategies and social formations. They can at the same time be considered as 'resources' that push towards the change of the status quo and destructive, extractive and homologating dynamics, but they can also become the object of contrast by those in power, local and not local (often combined). Diola's reading of the female role in the process of identity formation highlights its temporal continuity in the succession of epochs (pre-colonial, colonial, post-colonial) and the spatial continuity between rural and urban migration. If the feminine has been the guide of an anti-hegemonic identity process, can it in the contemporary era be considered the holder of a decolonial perspective? The definition of the ecological transition strategies of the investigated territories is determined around this central role. The paper refers to the Diola Kasa area of the South West bank of the Casamance River and in particular to the village of Mlomp reporting some results of a qualitative field survey. The 'practices of resistance' are taken into consideration for the values and reasons which motivate them, as well as for the spatial implications they draw, but also for the Africa-World rural projects which it is possible to define from their experiences.
Keywords: peasant resistance; gender; ecological transition; rural-urban migration; Global South.
Abitare la ruralità contemporanea nel Global South. Uno sguardo critico alla condizione Andina attraverso l’analisi delle forme dell’abitare.
Valentina Dall’Orto, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Ecuador
Accepted: September 2021 | Published Online: November 2021 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-13056
This paper aims to provide an interpretation of the indefinite condition of contemporary rurality in Global South through the analysis of domestic architecture and its alterations. The study is specifically addressed to the Andean context of the province of Loja in Ecuador. The house has been chosen as the object of analysis as it embodies the manifestation of the different dynamics of the production of space in rural contexts, often conflictual, evading a unified definition. Starting from a brief review of the approaches, frequently dichotomous, through which the architectural discipline has faced the relationship with what is not urban, and relying on a further study of the spatial practices characterizing this frontier land, the intention is to bring to light some crucial issues for the design of the rural habitat. The ultimate purpose of this reflection is therefore far from providing scientific answers, on the contrary it aims to embrace and accept the variety of forms presented by the Ecuadorian rural context, in order to develop open questions, that allow professionals to experience the different facets of the project.
Keywords: Rural Habitat, Global South, Fragmentation
Rural areas as actors in the project of regional systems. A comparison between Sardinia and the North-West Development Region of Romania.
Anna Maria Colavitti, Università degli Studi di Cagliari
Oana-Ramona Ilovan, Babeş-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca
Paul Mutică, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca
Sergio Serra, Università degli Studi di Cagliari
Accepted: November 2021 | Published Online: November 2021 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-12983
The paper deals with the topic of rural areas sustainable transformation and development comparing two different contexts, Sardinia inland (Italy) and the North-West Development Region of Romania. First, it focuses on the general knowledge for the recognition of rural areas, highlighting the main features that define the territorial identity, the environmental and historical structure. The conditions of economic disadvantage and depopulation of inner areas affect the territorial structures and relationships between urban and rural spaces, unbalancing the historical equilibrium through new dynamics of settlement related to processes of redefiningthe economic and productive system. The case study analysis provides the opportunity to reflect on possible solutions and perspectives to create new sustainable and lost-lasting development for rural areas, enhancing the polycentric character of settlements and redefining the relationships between urban and rural production and consumption. In particular, the bioregionalist model is used as a reference for the design of new alliance pacts between city and countryside, focusing on the role of the agricultural sector in the definition of new positive connections between urban and rural areas
Keywords: rural areas, bioregionalist model, territorial planning, economic and productive system
Ruralità come ideologia. La costruzione del rurale e il potere dell’urbano nelle Alpi italiane: l’esempio della Valsaviore (provincia di Brescia)
Marco Alioni, Phd candidate, Università di Torino
Accepted: October 2021 | Published Online: November 2021 | DOI: 10.13128/contest-13038
Over the last few decades, the operational and conceptual definitions of rurality have continued to reproduce the same stereotypes and prejudices, that brought to the development of ineffective and problematic policies. The contrasts between the ‘urban’ and the ‘rural’, and between ‘modernity’ and ‘tradition’, led to the development of specific ideologies, which still permeate and produce the existing rural conditions. This article analyzes three dimensions of rurality in its form-as an ideology. The first one deals with the ways in which the ‘rural’ is defined through policy making processes and the scientific literature. The second one considers how the ideologies of rurality, specifically those produced in Italy about the Alps and the city-mountain relations, permeate the experience of Valsaviore. The third one discusses the practices of political resistance implemented by the inhabitants, the roles they play in defining the historical position of the valley, the roles of environmental protection, as well as the internal and external power relations of the territory.
Keywords: Ruralità, Condizione rurale, Macroregione alpina, Pratiche di resistenza, Buone pratiche
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