La neutralità assiologica weberiana e le sociologie di secondo livello
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Axiological neutrality is one of the fundamental legacies of the Weberian theory, but it has long been the subject of various criticisms that question its possibility and its desirability as well. The essay tries to defend the validity of the Weberian principle of a sociology free of values through a redefinition of the cognitive enterprise of sociology in terms of second-level analysis. If first level sociology mixes judgments of value and objective description and therefore ends up considering axiological neutrality as an obstacle, second-level sociology, thanks to the radical reform of its research objects, works instead to keep the distinction between knowledge and political or moral action, thus still giving validity to axiological neutrality.