Vol. 74 No. 1 (2019)
Saggi e Ricerche

Economic growth and GHG reduction: a global issue

Gaetano Perone
Dipartimento di Scienze aziendali, economiche e metodi quantitativi, Università degli Studi di Bergamo - Italy

Published 2019-06-15


  • CO2,
  • crescita ecosostenibile,
  • consumi energetici,
  • urbanizzazione

How to Cite

Perone, G. (2019). Economic growth and GHG reduction: a global issue. Italian Review of Agricultural Economics, 74(1), 19–31. https://doi.org/10.13128/REA-25477


The environmental sustainability is probably one of the most controversial topics of national policy agendas. The needs to combine economic growth and well-being, have forced governments to introduce tools for reducing CO2 emission and avoiding climate change. This paper aims to assess the effectiveness of these measures in the 1990-2014 period for a sample of 188 countries; and to analyze the determinants of CO2 in the 2000-2014 period for a sample of 175 countries. The results suggest that i) richest countries have a GDP elasticity of CO2 greater than that of poorest countries; and ii) GDP, energy consumption, urbanization, agricultural development, tourism and depletion of natural resources are directly correlated to CO2, while forest area, alternative energy, trade openness and FDI inflows are inversely related to CO2.


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