Vol 119, No 1 (Supplement) 2014
Supplement abstract

Argonaute 2 as novel molecular determinant for myeloid differentiation

Published 2015-03-19


  • Argonaute 2,
  • microRNA

How to Cite

Masciarelli, S., Iosue, I., Vico, C., Bellissimo, T., Colotti, G., Padula, F., Varchi, G., Del Rio, A., & Fazi, F. (2015). Argonaute 2 as novel molecular determinant for myeloid differentiation. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 119(1), 127. Retrieved from https://oajournals.fupress.net/index.php/ijae/article/view/2480


microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as crucial factors for the establishment of complex regulatory circuitries involved in the regulation of hematopoietic cell fate determination. These small non-coding RNAs to exert their functional activity are assembled in RNA-induced silencing complexes (RISCs), where a member of Argonaute (Ago) family of proteins plays a central role in miRNA-mRNA target interaction and gene silencing. In human cells the miRNAs-Ago complex can also localize in the nucleus where Ago proteins can associate with promoter gene sequences to impact heterochromatin genomic structure and transcriptional silencing (Janowski BA et al., 2006; Meister G., 2013). By using human myeloid cell lines and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) primary blasts we highlight Ago2 as a new player in myeloid cell fate determination. We observed that: i) Ago2 protein levels are strongly increased during 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (D3)-induced monocyte differentiation, whereas are down-regulated during Retinoic Acid (RA)-induced granulocyte differentiation; ii) Ago2 depletion by shRNA or small chemical compounds disrupting both miRNA-Ago2 complex interaction and Ago2 chromatin localization, results in a strong improvement of the RA-dependent myeloid differentiation. These results are bringing out that the down-regulation of Ago2 expression/functional activity is required during RA-dependent myeloid differentiation and may represent a molecular determinant for the improvement of RA-treatment response in leukemic myeloid progenitors cells.