Vol. 121, No. 1 (Supplement) 2016
Supplement abstract

Characterization of novel autologous leukocyte fibrin platelet membranes for tissue engineering applications

Published 2017-10-06


  • Autologous hemocomponents,
  • platelets

How to Cite

Barbon, S., Stocco, E., Grandi, F., Borean, A., Capelli, S., Contran, M., Macchi, V., Parnigotto, P. P., Grandi, C., De Caro, R., & Porzionato, A. (2017). Characterization of novel autologous leukocyte fibrin platelet membranes for tissue engineering applications. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 121(1), 75. Retrieved from https://oajournals.fupress.net/index.php/ijae/article/view/2213


Autologous hemocomponents have recently emerged as potential biologic tools for regenerative purpose, consisting mainly of platelet concentrates which locally release growth factors (GFs) to enhance the tissue healing process. Despite two decades of clinical studies, the therapeutic efficacy of platelet concentrates is still controversial. This work represents a first characterization of a novel autologous leukocyte fibrin platelet membrane (LFPm), which is prepared by the Department of Immunohematology of Belluno Hospital according to a well standardized protocol. The quantification of their specific content showed that LFPms are enriched not only with platelets, but also with monocytes/macrophages, fibrinogen and CD34+ cells. Mechanical properties of LFPms were investigated by tensile tests, revealing that the specific elasticity of membranes was maintained over time. Furthermore, the release kinetics of Platelet Derived Growth Factor, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha and Interleukin-10 was assessed by ELISA, demonstrating that LFPms act as GF delivery systems which sustain the local release of bioactive molecules. For in vitro biodegradation analysis, LFPm samples were incubated into PBS solution for 4, 7, 14, 21 days. SEM micrographs showed a progressive loss in cellular elements associated to a simultaneous exposure of the fibrin scaffold, also confirmed by histological and immunohistochemical investigations. In parallel, LFPm disks were implanted into a subcutaneous dorsal pouch of healthy nude rats and explanted after 4, 7, 14, 21 days for in vivo biodegradation study. SEM, histological and immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the typical LFPm fibrin structure was maintained until day 7, with a contemporary loss of cellular elements. From day 14, the morphology and texture of samples became less and less recognizable, confirming that a progressive biodegradation occurred. Overall, collected evidences could support the rationale for the clinical use of LFPms, shading some light on the regenerative effect they may exert after the autologous implant on a defect site.