Domini collettivi, forme di autogoverno per la gestione degli ecosistemi e lo sviluppo locale
- collective domains,
- socio-ecological systems,
- local development,
- ecosystem management
Copyright (c) 2020 Marco Emanuel Francucci
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
One of the most ancient forms of self-government of environmental systems is that relating to the management of civic uses and collective lands, in which a specific local community controls and manages sustainable resources (fields, pastures, woods, etc.) sustainably and efficiently. The paper aims to briefly retrace the salient stages of the history of collective domains, and to explore their value as “goods that are produced by long co-evolutionary processes between human settlement and environment” (Magnaghi 2015, 139) highlighting the appearance of complex socio-ecological systems (SES). Finally, using the theory developed by Elinor Ostrom to analyze the sustainability of SES (Ostrom 2009), focuses on the role of collective domains as an ecosystem management tool and as a device for local development. Through the empirical analysis of a case study located in Central Apennine in Umbria, we want to highlight elements of continuity and discontinuity of the system as the socio-economic conditions change.