Diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) involvement in K562 erythroleukemia cell proliferation
- Cell proliferation
How to Cite
Nuclear phosphoinositide metabolism has been widely described as involved in many regulatory mechanisms including cell cycle and cell proliferation (1). Our recent studies demonstrated that an increase of nuclear Diacylglycerol (DAG) regulated the G2/M progression of erythroleukemia cells, K562 (2). As nuclear DAG can be synthesized by Phospholipases C (PLC) located in the nucleus, it can also be converted to Phosphatidic acid (PA) by a class of proteins called Diacylglycerol Kinases (DGK), which phosphorylate it utilizing ATP as a source of phosphate. PA levels in the nuclear compartments peak after G2/M progression, controlling cell cycle progression (1). We found that a particular DGK isoform, DGKa, is highly localized in the nuclear compartment of K562 cells. Then, we decided to investigate if this isozyme could be involved in cell proliferation of K562 cells, stimulating the exit from G2/M checkpoint through the production of PA in the nuclear compartment. Our data show that inhibition of DGK activity by two specific inhibitors, DI (R59022) and DII (R59949), blocks K562 cell proliferation. This effect is probably due to nuclear DGKa, indeed its modulation can affect cell proliferation too. Moreover, many cell cycle related proteins seem to be targeted by DGK activity. These evidences suggest a role for DGKa in the control of cell cycle progression acting on nuclear DAG levels and increase our knowledge about the importance of PI metabolism in the nuclei of eucaryotic cells.