Vol. 120, No. 1 (Supplement) 2015
Supplement abstract

Intraorbital arteries studied in pediatric age by high resolution superselective angiography

Published 2015-09-30


  • Orbit,
  • ophthalmic artery,
  • angiography,
  • angiographic incidence

How to Cite

Bracco, S., Venturi, C., Leonini, S., Romano, D., Cioni, S., Vallone, I., Gennari, P., Galluzzi, P., & Bertelli, E. (2015). Intraorbital arteries studied in pediatric age by high resolution superselective angiography. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 120(1), 15. Retrieved from https://oajournals.fupress.net/index.php/ijae/article/view/3969


Angiography is a powerful tool to identify intraorbital arteries. However, the incidence by which these vessels can be identified is unknown. Our purpose was to determine such incidence and which angiographic approach is best for the identifica- tion of each artery. A retrospective study of 353 angiographic procedures (via oph- thalmic artery and/or external carotid artery) carried out on 79 children affected by intraocular retinoblastoma was made to investigate the arterial anatomy in 87 orbits. For each intraorbital artery two parameters were calculated: the angiographic inci- dence, as the percentage of times a given artery was identified, and the visibility index, as the ratio between the angiographic incidence and the true anatomic inci- dence. All collaterals of the ophthalmic artery could be spotted. Most of them were identified with a high angiographic incidence; some of them were less easily identi- fied because too thin or because frequently shielded. The visibility index paralleled the angiographic incidence of most arteries. However, the lacrimal and meningolac- rimal arteries had a higher visibility index suggesting that their identification was more frequent than the angiographic incidence alone could suggest. Statistical anal- ysis demonstrated that the lacrimal artery and some muscular branches had higher chances to be identified if the angiography of the ophthalmic artery was accompa- nied by the study of the external carotid system. This work provides an objective measure of how powerful angiography is to identify intraorbital arteries as well as useful references for professionals who need to operate in the orbit.