Posphodiesterase 5 regulates the beating rate in murine neonatal cardiomyocytes
How to Cite
Heart rate is fi nely regulated by the sympathetic nervous system through beta adrenoreceptors (βARs) signaling. β-ARs stimulation induces cAMP/cGMP synthesis whereas phosphodiesterases (PDE) catalyze the hydrolysis of the cyclic nucleotides, however their precise interaction is not well defi ned (1, 2). The experimental model used to investigate the role of PDE5 inhibition on the heart function are the spontaneously beating cardiac myocytes from neonatal mice. Preliminary experiments were performed to determine whether neonatal cardiomyocyte cultures show the same PDEs expression pattern of adult mice hearts. We analyzed through RT-PCR and WB experiments the mRNA and protein levels of PDE1C, PDE2, PDE3A, PDE4 and PDE5 and we observed that are expressed both in hearts and in cultured neonatal cardiomyocytes. These data suggest that the cardiomyocyte is a suitable model to investigate the PDEs role in cardiac function. Experiments performed to evaluate the contraction rate stimulated by β-AR signaling activation show: that PDE5 is a positive modulator through hydrolysis of cGMP, and the inhibition of PDE5 causes a positive chronotropic eff ects reduction by the PDE2 activation through the increase of cGMP level. Notably, the use of PDE2 knockout mice reverts the negative chronotropic eff ects obtained by PDE5 inhibition. Finally, we observed that PDE5 selectively impacts heart rate interfering with β2AR signaling in neonatal cardiac myocytes, with little or no eff ect on β1AR signaling. These data show a novel role of PDE5 on the sympathetic regulation of cardiac beating and highlight the mechanicistic pathways of the long term eff ect of PDE5 inhibition in cardiac hypertrophy.