Vol 119, No 1 (Supplement) 2014
Supplement abstract

HDAC4 is necessary for satellite cell differentiation and muscle regeneration

Published 2015-03-19


  • Histone acetylation,
  • chromatin remodeling,
  • transcriptional regulation of gene expression,
  • satellite cell commitment

How to Cite

Marroncelli, N., Noviello, C., Consalvi, S., Saccone, V., Puri, P. L., Olson, E. N., Adamo, S., & Moresi, V. (2015). HDAC4 is necessary for satellite cell differentiation and muscle regeneration. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 119(1), 126. Retrieved from https://oajournals.fupress.net/index.php/ijae/article/view/2479


In response to injury, skeletal muscle exhibits high capacity to regenerate and epigenetics controls multiple steps of this process (Giordani et al., 2013). It has been demonstrated in vitro that completion of muscle differentiation requires shuttling of histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4), a member of class IIa HDACs, from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and consequent activation of MEF2-dependent differentiation genes (McKinsey et al., 2000). In vivo, HDAC4 expression is up-regulated in skeletal muscle upon injury, suggesting a role for this protein in muscle regeneration. With the aim to elucidate the role of HDAC4 in skeletal muscle regeneration, we generate mice lacking HDAC4 in the satellite cells (HDAC4fl/fl;Pax7CE Cre). Lack of HDAC4 inhibits satellite cell differentiation. Despite having similar amount of sorted cells, HDAC4 KO satellite cells proliferate less and have less pax7 than controls. Importantly, muscle regeneration in vivo is impaired in HDAC4fl/fl;Pax7CE Cre mice. These results are confirmed by molecular analyses of the expression of myogenic markers. All together, these data delineate the importance of HDAC4 in muscle regeneration and suggest a protective role in response to muscle damage.