Vol. 122, No. 1 (Supplement) 2017
Supplement abstract

An animal and cellular study on αB-crystallin activation in cardiac muscle by acute exercise

Published 2017-10-06

How to Cite

Antonioni, A., Dimauro, I., Mercatelli, N., Barone, R., Macaluso, F., Di Felice, V., & Caporossi, D. (2017). An animal and cellular study on αB-crystallin activation in cardiac muscle by acute exercise. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 122(1), 14. Retrieved from https://oajournals.fupress.net/index.php/ijae/article/view/1715


Alpha-B-Crystallin (CRYAB), a Small Heat Shock Protein sensitive to oxidative stress, is expressed in many tissues and implicated in various biological processes. In cardiac muscle, CRYAB exerts a cardio protective role in ischemia-induced damage preventing apoptosis and necrosis. In the present study we used forty young (7-weeks old) healthy male mice (BALB/c AnNHsd), which after 1 week of acclimatization to the new housing environment, runned 2 days per 10 minutes. The TR mice ran for 60 min at a speed of 5.5 m/min. Mice were sacrificed immediately after, 15 and 120 minutes after the end of the acute bout of endurance exercise (TR-0’, TR-15’ and TR-120’, respectively). We prepared samples from the heart and from the group of posterior muscles study αB-crystallin’ response at different time of recovery from an acute aerobic exercise (1 hour), correlating its modulation with oxidative stress level. We found that a single bout exercise lead to a specific short-term increase of phospho-αB-crystallin level (pCRYAB), without changes of its total expression. Further, the level of 4-hydroxynonenal, a marker of lipidic peroxidation, has shown a similar trend of pCRYAB enhancement. This may indicate that CRYAB in cardiac muscle is activated and it has a putative role in oxidative stress during exercise. These results are supported by our previous data obtained in mouse skeletal tissues (i.e. gastrocnemius, soleus) and in H₂O₂-treated C2C12 myotubes. In particular we observed not only a fiber-dependent response of pCRYAB, but also its translocation into myofibrillar compartment. Experiments are in progress to further investigate on CRYAB role during exercise and its interactions with cytoskeletal structures.