Vol. 124 No. 3 (2019)
Original Article

Erasistratus of Chios: a pioneer of human anatomy and physiology

Theodoros Mariolis-Sapsakos
Anatomy and Histology Laboratory, Nursing School, University of Athens, Greece
Maria Zarokosta
Anatomy and Histology Laboratory, Nursing School, University of Athens, Greece
Menelaos Zoulamoglou
Anatomy and Histology Laboratory, Nursing School, University of Athens, Greece
Theodoros Piperos
Anatomy and Histology Laboratory, Nursing School, University of Athens, Greece
Euthumios Nikou
Anatomy and Histology Laboratory, Nursing School, University of Athens, Greece
Anastasios Katsourakis
Department of Anatomy, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Serres, Aristotles University of Thessaloniki, Greece
George Noussios
Department of Anatomy, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Serres, Aristotles University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Published May 20, 2020
Keywords
  • Erasistratus,
  • Herophilus,
  • ancient Greek physicians,
  • history of medicine
How to Cite
Mariolis-Sapsakos, T., Zarokosta, M., Zoulamoglou, M., Piperos, T., Nikou, E., Katsourakis, A., & Noussios, G. (2020). Erasistratus of Chios: a pioneer of human anatomy and physiology. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 124(3), 329-332. https://doi.org/10.13128/ijae-11661

Abstract

Erasistratus of Chios (310-250 BC) was one of the great Greek physicians of antiquity. Historical investigation reveals that he was an innovative anatomist, neuroanatomist and a pioneer of human physiology. His accurate discoveries formed the basis of positive sciences and ameliorated medicine.

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