Vol. 123, No. 1 (Supplement) 2018
Supplement abstract

From Embriology to Eurgical Anatomy in Colorectal Surgery

Sergio Castorina
Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate,Università di Catania, Catania, Italia
Carla Loreto
Dipartimento BIOMETEC, Università di Catania, Catania, Italia

Published 2018-12-30


  • Mesenter,
  • colorectal surgery

How to Cite

Castorina, S., & Loreto, C. (2018). From Embriology to Eurgical Anatomy in Colorectal Surgery. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 123(1), 53. https://doi.org/10.13128/ijae-11350


Nowadays, the gross anatomy is not longer considered a static discipline because it is con- stantly evolving along with surgical progresses. In particular, laparoscopic surgery, in the last twenty years, has further contributed to the deepening of some aspects of the dissection in peri- toneal cavity, especially in colorectal surgery.

In 1982 Heald et al. introduced the concept of total mesorectal excision (TME) as an ana- tomical-surgical basis for a correct resection of rectal cancer [1]. In 2009 Hohenberger et al. introduced the same principle for complete mesocolic excision (CME) [2]. The knowledge of the different organogenetic phases in the development of the gut and of the mesentery is extreme- ly useful in clinical applications, since it allows, in particular with a laparoscopic approach, to identify the peritoneal attachment layers and the mesenteric limits.

The aim of our study was to deepen the knowledge of the mesenteric embriology with the dissection on cadaver, the laparoscopic dissection, the histology and the virtual reconstruction of anatomical structures using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance imaging as starting point.

Moreover, we propose a video in which we show the mesorectal excision on cadaver and patient with the new transanal approach (Transanal total mesorectal excision,TaTME).

We want to show that in human body only a mesenter is present and it starts from the infe- rior region of the esophagus and reaches the cloaca, where the rectum has its own meso, called mesorectum, which separates the organ from the posterior part of the pelvis.


Metrics Loading ...