Vol 117, No 2 (2012)
Original Article

Flatfoot in children: anatomy of decision making

Published 2012-11-27


  • foot posture,
  • flatfoot,
  • paediatric flatfoot

How to Cite

Nurzynska, D., Di Meglio, F., Castaldo, C., Latino, F., Romano, V., Miraglia, R., Guerra, G., Brunese, L., & Montagnani, S. (2012). Flatfoot in children: anatomy of decision making. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 1(2), 98–106. Retrieved from https://oajournals.fupress.net/index.php/ijae/article/view/1127


Concern about a child’s foot posture is a common reason for frequent consultations for an array of health care professionals; sports medicine specialists are often the first to recognize and advise on foot pathology. In the decision making process, it is essential to distinguish between the different types of flatfoot deformity: paediatric or adult, congenital or acquired, flexible or rigid. Although flatfoot in children is a common finding, evidence for the techniques of the reliable and reproducible assessment of the foot posture is scant. This general review presents the factors involved in the forming and supporting of the foot arches, discusses the protocols useful in the evaluation of the foot posture, and indicates how to differentiate between flatfoot cases needing treatment and cases that need only reassurance.