The fundamental role of morphology in experimental neurotoxicology: the example of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity
- dorsal root ganglia,
How to Cite
Marmiroli, P., Nicolini, G., Miloso, M., Scuteri, A., & Cavaletti, G. (2012). The fundamental role of morphology in experimental neurotoxicology: the example of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 1(2), 75–97. Retrieved from https://oajournals.fupress.net/index.php/ijae/article/view/1126
AbstractThe peripheral nervous system is a frequent target of toxic agents. The accurate identification of the sites of neurotoxic action through the morphological characterization of reliable in vivo models or in vitro systems can give fundamental clues when investigating the pathogenesis and interpreting the clinical features of drug-induced neuropathy.
The morphological approach has been used to investigate almost all the anticancer drugs able to induce chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity, i.e. platinum drugs, antitubulins and proteasome inhibitors. No models have ever been described for thalidomide.
This review demonstrates that any pathogenetic study on chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity must be based on solid morphological observations obtained in reliable animal and in vitro models. This is particularly true in this setting, since the availability of tissues of human origin is extremely limited. In fact, peripheral (generally sural) nerve biopsies are never required for diagnostic purposes in chemotherapy-treated cancer patients, and their use for a purely scientific aim, although potentially very informative, is not ethical. Moreover, several neurotoxic drugs target the dorsal root ganglia neurons, and it is very difficult to obtain high-quality specimens even from early autopsies.
It is, therefore, our opinion that an extensive morphological assessment of the in vitro and in vivo effect of any potentially neurotoxic antineoplastic drugs, as well as of neuroprotectant agents, should be taken into consideration right from the earliest stages of their development.