SocietàMutamentoPolitica <p><strong><em>SocietàMutamentoPolitica</em></strong>&nbsp;is a journal of sociology. It includes theoretical and empirical studies of social phenomena in the belief that the interweaving of society and politics is of crucial analytical importance. Sociology is a form of knowledge that works alongside other social sciences and offers a rational tool for a critique of society and for the development of good government. The main aim of&nbsp;<em>SMP</em>is to encourage an exchange of views among sociologists by promoting open debate and encouraging the young to undertake new research.</p> en-US <p>Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (<a href="">CC-BY-4.0</a>)</strong>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication.</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> (Gianfranco Bettin Lattes) (Alessandro Pierno) Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Per introdurre <p>.</p> Carlo Colloca Copyright (c) 2020 Carlo Colloca Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Integrazione in Europa. Un’esplorazione empirica tra vincoli strutturali e reazioni contestuali <p class="p1">The paper highlights the dynamics related to the problem of the integration of immigrants in Europe, focusing on the spread of prejudices and on the multiple conditions of exclusion. The main aim refers to the effectiveness of integration policies implemented in Europe. For this purpose, data from different sources are analysed to measure the degree of hostility <em>versus</em> tolerance towards foreign immigrants, both through official data and with the analysis of online comments published on Twitter during the period of European elections.</p> Simona Gozzo, Elisa Lombardo Copyright (c) 2020 Simona Gozzo, Elisa Lombardo Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Multicultural urban spaces and the right to the city: the Italian local policies on immigration <p class="p1">The paper proposes a reflection on the issue of the ‘production of localities’, activities regarding the making up of an individual self. This aspect helps to determinate collective identities and memories shared by migrants and natives, as far as hybrid dynamics belonging to different cultures situated in the same urban milieu, are concerned. Central to the concept of multiculturalism is the notion of difference. All models of multicultural cities require categorization of difference at some level. In the Italian society different experiences of local multicultural welfare highlight how local policies on immigration can give effect to the recognition of cultural differences in a given territory, although they can not affect the legal issues as vital as access to citizenship or the right to vote. Local authorities play a significant role in promoting forms of social inclusion of migrants and generative welfare.</p> Carlo Colloca Copyright (c) 2020 Carlo Colloca Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Accogliere senza integrare: le distorsioni delle politiche sull’immigrazione nel Mezzogiorno d’Italia <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The essay focuses on the integrated System of Protection of Asylum Seekers and Refugees (SPRAR) as a key feature of immigration policies in Italy. This system, beyond the most recent constraining norms on security, currently shows experiences of excellence, as in the case of Sprar/Siproimi nets. However, the reception system as a whole present still some critical weakness on the ground of immigrants’ integration, and particularly in the South of the country, since a “complete” integration have to deal with mechanisms of job placement and the structural characteristics of the labor market.</span></p> Marco La Bella Copyright (c) 2020 Marco La Bella Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Un’Isola dal fragile equilibrio: Lampedusa fra l’impatto dei flussi di popolazioni e l’accoglienza sostenibile <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The paper presents the work done during the two editions of the Summer School that took place in Lampedusa in 2017 and 2018, organized by the Italian Association of Sociology – Environment and Territory Section. The aim of the paper is twofold. Firstly, it aims to illustrate the results of the data analysis and field observation carried out by the participants of the School. They consist of a multi-faceted description of the Island, with special attention to its different populations (residents, city users and especially migrants), and of some resulting project proposals. Secondly, the essay aims to promote a practice based on study and training, which is typical of the sociological analysis of territory, and that can provide useful insight on the studied places and to the people of Lampedusa, within a broader vision of justice and social sustainability.</span></p> Adriano Cancellieri, Carlo Colloca, Licia Lipari, Elisa Lombardo, Antonietta Mazzette, Silvia Mugnano, Sara Spanu, Sara Zizzari Copyright (c) 2020 Adriano Cancellieri, Carlo Colloca, Licia Lipari, Elisa Lombardo, Antonietta Mazzette, Silvia Mugnano, Sara Spanu, Sara Zizzari Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Contro i “taxi del mare”. La contronarrazione delle ONG e il caso SeaWatch3 <p class="p1">With the end of Mare Nostrum, the outsourcing of rescue operations and the attempt to europeanise the crisis, the role of NGOs in the SAR area is shifting from a complementary to a fundamental one in rescue operations as a whole. The rapid change in the regulatory framework governing Italian and European actions requires a constant redefinition of their roles and action strategies in the SAR area. A consequence (unforeseen) of their presence has been the criminalization of their activities, which are considered functional with regard to human trackers. The rhetoric of “sea taxis” has produced a change in NGO communication strategy, with a more careful description of their actions to save migrants. The structures of communication have become more complex and professionalized, while a shrewder use is made of social networks in a hybrid system. The SeaWatch3 and Carola Rackete case study is an example of this change in strategy, which involves major personalization of communication, with extended use of the personal stories of migrants, crew and supporters. The case study is conducted with a qualitative methodology that takes into account the press review of 17 national newspapers, self-produced images by NGOs, and the collection of tweets (with NODEXL) during the long phases of the crisis. From the twittersphere emerges a) the progressive internationalization of the case, with the intervention of the main European media, the main political actors, the NGO network, and b) the attempts of reframing promoted especially by NGOs.</p> Rossana Sampugnaro Copyright (c) 2020 Rossana Sampugnaro Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Migranti, categorie normative ed esternalizzazione delle frontiere <p class="p1">European governments of different political views, which have closed the channel of legal entry for work, have long believed that the removal and anticipation of border controls in transit countries, as well as confinement or detention of migrants deemed “illegal”, can reduce irregular entry into the territory of the State, and constitute a brake on the submission of applications for international protection, which could not be refused otherwise if people arrived at a land, air or sea border of a State that has acceded to the 1951 Geneva Convention on Refugees. According to the principle of non-refoulement enshrined in the Geneva Convention (Article 33), in fact, no one may be refused entry at the border without having access to a fair and effective procedure to determine his or her status and protection needs. It is therefore possible to identify a procedural “minimum content” of the right of asylum, which, even before imposing on States specific positive obligations regarding the granting of the benefit, does not allow them behaviours that restrict the freedom of access to procedures, and therefore to the territory of the State, unless participation in the Geneva Refugee Convention is rendered meaningless. Agreements between States, as a result of the processes of externalization of borders, cannot legitimise, in the name of a misunderstood national sovereignty, indiscriminate refoulement measures or “closure of ports”.</p> Fulvio Vassallo Paleologo Copyright (c) 2020 Fulvio Vassallo Paleologo Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 I migranti e la logica del mercato <p class="p1">Almost every migratory phenomenon analysis is focused on poor and unskilled migrants. Whereas some foreigners are not considered or labelled as immigrants. Such a case particularly regards migrants with educational qualifications and job skills that accomodate the employment needs of the country of destination. In order to indicate this restricted number of people, the definition <em>skilled</em> <em>migrations</em> has been created. This phenomenon denotes the tendency to submit migratory flows to the market rationality. In this paper it is stated that the application of market rules to migrations, on the one hand encourages the tendency to think of migrants only in terms of cost-benefit analysis, while it also contributes to erode a concept of citizenship which implies equality and unlimited inclusion rights.</p> Edoardo Greblo Copyright (c) 2020 Edoardo Greblo Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Grande Distribuzione Organizzata e agromafie: lo sfruttamento degli immigrati regolari e la funzione dei criminal hubs <p class="p1">The focus of this articles is the link between massive market retail and criminal business. It argues about the agromafia’s involvement in the agriculture activities and, in general, in the food markets productions. Thanks to many police investigations, it’s possible to assert that agromafia is mainly based on immigrant exploitation. In particular, the illegal forms of labourer hiring allow agromafia to develop more and more trades both in Italy and in Europe.</p> Fiammetta Fanizza Copyright (c) 2020 Fiammetta Fanizza Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 I cortocircuiti dell’accoglienza. Note critiche su retoriche, politiche e sfruttamento delle migranti nei mercati del sesso <p class="p1">Reflecting on the quality of the reception paths dedicated to migrant people always implies an effort aimed at keeping different dimensions together and giving account of their complexity. This is because the prevailing cultural models generate processes defining the reality which in turn shape priorities and interventions, often contributing to cause short circuits between migration policies, mobility strategies and the effectiveness of reception. This contribution aims to shed light on some of these “short circuits” at the origin of the current critical issues of the pathways of social protection of migrants exploited in the sex markets. These reflections will be inspired by the rich material of two field researches.</p> Emanuela Abbatecola, Mariella Popolla Copyright (c) 2020 Emanuela Abbatecola, Mariella Popolla Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Migrazione, inclusione, sicurezza: un profilo di rischio per il nostro paese <p class="p1">The essay aims to connect issues related to inclusion and security by examining the Italian case in which, in the face of poor inclusion policies, there is the absence of significant terrorist attacks. This peculiarity has raised several questions and will be discussed by looking at various factors that have probably protected the country and by evaluating the persistence of their effectiveness over time. In light of these considerations, the essay ends resuming the link between inclusion and security and outlining a risk profile for our country.</p> Stefania Tusini Copyright (c) 2020 Stefania Tusini Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 I Mille Piani delle migrazioni: Nomadismo, Barbarismo, Democrazia Molecolare <p class="p1">The essay wants to investigate the social, political, anthropological dimension of the vision of Deleuze and Guattari around the rhizomatic concept of migration starting from the elaboration of <em>Mille piani</em>.&nbsp;It reconstructs, as a priority, the definition of human mobility in a nomadic dimension, according to the interpretative keys of post-structuralism.&nbsp;So we compare the method with the concept of barbarism, to then identify the actuality of the definitions of war machine and molecular dimension of democracy with respect to the molar dimension of capital.&nbsp;It is a question of verifying, therefore, the overall timeliness of the elaboration of Deleuze and adjustments with respect to the theoretical problems posed by migrations understood not only historical sense but, above all, anthropological and social sense.</p> Stefania Mazzone Copyright (c) 2020 Stefania Mazzone Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Estraneo uguale a straniero. La giustizia riparativa per i minorenni come potenziale strumento di inclusione <p class="p1">The paper reflects on the potential of some restorative justice tools read as inclusion practices in the juvenile criminal sphere and extendable to the field of immigrant minors. The scenario involving both types of minors is the context of economic, social and family fragility on which the challenge of inclusion is played – most often <em>missed</em>, in the first case, and, perhaps, <em>future</em>, in the second. The context of analysis is that of a path of mediation experienced in the Brazilian reality. Brazil is a territory with high social stratification that recalls central themes of social and intercultural coexistence. It provides an example of how mediation logic and practices can rise to category and interpretative tools to understand complex and contradictory dynamics of integration and at the same time marginalization and exclusion, which in contemporary times characterize, starting from Simmel’s words, relationships with “the other”, “the stranger”, the “foreigner”.</p> Deborah De Felice, Leandro Oliveira, Ellen Rodrigues Copyright (c) 2020 Deborah De Felice, Leandro Oliveira, Ellen Rodrigues Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Le istituzioni europee: i processi decisionali e le “fragilità” della politica in tema di accoglienza dei migranti. Intervista a Pietro Bartolo <p class="p1">Pietro Bartolo nasce a Lampedusa il 10/02/1956 da una famiglia di pescatori. Consegue a Catania la laurea in Medicina e Chirurgia nel 1983 e, successivamente, nella stessa città si specializza in Ostetricia e Ginecologia. Dal 1991 al 2019 ricopre il ruolo di dirigente medico dell’unico presidio sanitario dell’isola. Da quella data, inoltre, gli viene affidata la carica di ufficiale sanitario. Dai primi arrivi di migranti a Lampedusa (1991) si occupa della gestione del fenomeno migratorio sull’isola dal punto di vista sanitario fornendo assistenza medica durante gli sbarchi. Dal 18 marzo 2011, con nota prot.n° 26694, è individuato come coordinatore della gestione di tutte le attività sanitarie inerenti l’emergenza immigrazione dall’Assessorato Regionale della Salute. È stato membro del Comitato Tecnico Regionale, Multidisciplinare “Emergenza Migranti”. Nell’ambito della sensibilizzazione al fenomeno dell’immigrazione prende parte al docufilm “Fuocoammare” (2016) del regista Gianfranco Rosi, vincitore dell’Orso d’Oro a Berlino. Scrive, inoltre, il libro “Lacrime di Sale” (Mondadori, 2016) in cui racconta la sua storia e la sua esperienza nella gestione del fenomeno migratorio; racconto che prosegue con un altro libro, “Le Stelle di Lampedusa” (Mondadori, 2018). La sua attività è stata riconosciuta con svariati premi e onorificenze, tra cui si ricordano: “Paul Harris Fellow” (Rotary International, 2011), Onorificenza di Cavaliere dell’Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana (2014), Premio “Sergio Vieira De Mello” (Cracovia, 2015), Premio “Ripple of Hope” ed inserimento tra i “Defenders of Human Rights” (Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Italia), Premio “Living Stone” (Fondazione INLIA, Gröningen, 2016), Onorificenza di Commendatore dell’Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana (2016), “Prix de la Tolerance &nbsp;Marcel Rudloff” (Strasburgo, 2017), “Goodwill Ambassador” per Unicef (2017), Premio letterario “Leopold Staff” nella categoria personalità dell’anno (Varsavia, 2017), Onorificenza di Cavaliere Ufficiale dell’Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata (Repubblica di San Marino, 2018).&nbsp;Alle elezioni europee 2019, candidato nelle liste Pd per le circoscrizioni Italia insulare e Italia centrale, è stato eletto in entrambe. Dopo l’inizio del mandato il 2 luglio 2019, ricopre diversi incarichi nelle istituzioni europee, fra cui il ruolo di Vicepresidente della&nbsp;Commissione per le libertà civili, la giustizia e gli affari interni.</p> Agata Parisi Copyright (c) 2020 Agata Parisi Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Intervista a Maurizio Ambrosini a partire dal volume L’invasione immaginaria. L’immigrazione oltre i luoghi comuni <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Maurizio Ambrosini (Vercelli 1956) è docente di Sociologia delle migrazioni nell’università degli studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Scienze Sociali e Politiche. Insegna inoltre da diversi anni nell’università di Nizza e dal 2019 nella sede italiana della Stanford University. È responsabile scientifico del Centro studi Medì di Genova, dove dirige la rivista “Mondi migranti” e la Scuola estiva di Sociologia delle migrazioni. Collabora con Avvenire e con Dal luglio 2017 è stato chiamato a far parte del CNEL, dove è responsabile dell’organismo di coordinamento delle politiche per l’integrazione degli immigrati. È autore, fra vari altri testi, di <em>Sociologia delle migrazioni </em>(il Mulino, terza edizione 2020), e (con L. Sciolla) di <em>Sociologia </em>(Mondadori, seconda edizione 2019), manuali adottati in parecchie università italiane. Suoi articoli e saggi sono usciti in riviste e volumi in inglese, spagnolo, francese, tedesco, portoghese e cinese. Più di 20 articoli sono stati pubblicati in riviste internazionali indicizzate su Scopus. Ha pubblicato ultimamente: <em>L’invasione immaginaria</em> (Laterza, 2020); <em>Famiglie nonostante</em> (Il Mulino, 2019); <em>Irregular immigration in Southern Europe</em> (Palgrave, 2018); <em>Migrazioni </em>(EGEA, 2019, nuova ed.). È tra i curatori dei volumi: <em>Il Dio dei migranti</em> (il Mulino 2018); <em>Volontari inattesi</em> (Erickson 2020); <em>Migration, Borders and Citizenship</em> (Palgrave 2020).</span></p> Carlo Colloca Copyright (c) 2020 Carlo Colloca Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Popolazioni, economie e stili di vita urbani. La città “storta” <p>.</p> Elisa Lombardo Copyright (c) 2020 Elisa Lombardo Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Gli effetti del vivere urbano. Riflessioni sul contributo di Richard Sennett <p class="p1">Richard Sennett was a sharp observer of society and everyday urban life, and throughout his work he repeatedly reflected on the features of the evolution of cities and on the ways in which people create the environment in which they live. This article examines three of his essays, namely <em>The fall of public man</em> (1977 [2006]), <em>The conscience of the eye. The design and social life of cities</em> (1990 [1992]) and <em>Building and dwelling. Etics for the city</em> (2018), that trace the diachronic development of the evolution of Sennett’s reflection on the city as a whole, on urban living and, in particular, on the global spread of a model of closed, segregated and strictly regulated city. According to Sennett, the ethics of the open city is predicated on tolerance, on the celebration of difference and on a virtuous interaction of the citizens with urban forms.</p> Simona Totaforti Copyright (c) 2020 Simona Totaforti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Academics are back in town: The city-university relationship in the field of social innovation <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The article deepens the city-university relationship from the perspective of social innovation initiatives. It introduces the critical dimension of the new political economy of cities into the triple helix analytical model to help understand the quality of interactions between the actors involved in those initiatives. To do so, the study investigates how the triple helix works in the field of social innovation: it adopts a comparative approach and reconstructs some urban initiatives promoted by university and other urban actors in the cities of Barcelona, Milan and Venice. This study highlights a new model of action that integrates those presented by rhetoric, i.e., university institutions as key actors in local development processes. The process of interaction between universities and cities is now seeing academics—and not just universities—at the forefront of the search for contexts to transform fields of research into spaces of social intervention and areas of political action, giving a transformative orientation to research. For many years, in fact, academics have cooled their heels in university departments, waiting for the social demand for expert knowledge to offer to the others actors (e.g., industry, government, and civil society); and they are now leaving those departments to participate in the social production of knowledge. On the one hand, this new relationship between university and city confirms the analysis of the influence of universities on the factors of context and agency, while on the other it contrasts with the narrative of the entrepreneurial and commercial university that has been assiduously built over the last twenty years, often by the academic world itself. Instead, a population of academics now arises, who exploit the strength of weak ties in university organization and the hitherto weak institutional orientation of universities towards social innovation initiatives, to guide the universities’ third mission in the field of social and political action.</span></p> Maurizio Busacca Copyright (c) 2020 Maurizio Busacca Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Gli anziani e la domanda di città <p class="p1">The process of the increasing number of elderly people is linked with the important change of social representations of third age. Elderly people forcefully claim a new urban protagonism. They look at the city to satisfy not only their needs but also the conditions for their existential planning.</p> Letizia Carrera Copyright (c) 2020 Letizia Carrera Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Strategie urbane e rafforzamento identitario nelle nuove periferie al margine della città di Parigi. Il caso studio d’Ivry-sur-Seine <p class="p1"><span class="s1">In the context of the progressive and unstoppable increase of the population living in urban suburbs, this paper analyzes the change of perspective by the communities of the first crown of the parisian banlieue who prefer to affirm their local identities rather than being annexed to the metropolis. The relationship between the urban center and the suburbs is complex and has undergone significant changes. If in the years of the building boom the expansions of the major cities included the peripheral centers, today, as a consequence of the urban polycentrism, the urban suburbs recognize to <span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>heir own identity and socio-cultural integrity such as to resist metropolitan homologation despite urban expansion and growth. The paper treats this subject starting from the morphological analysis of urban strategies put in place by the local administrations of Paris and Ivry-sur-Seine. In particular, two plans for urban regeneration in continuity are examined, the Bruneseau Nord sector of the ZAC Paris Rive Gauche and Ivry-Port Nord.</span></p> Tommaso Bartoloni, Vito Martelliano Copyright (c) 2020 Tommaso Bartoloni, Vito Martelliano Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Alcune riflessioni preliminari per una socio-logica del riso come fenomeno d’ordine <p class="p1">Laughter is an omnipresent social phenomenon in the life of individuals and, in its various forms, it accompanies their interacting, or even better, it contributes to its orderly realization. Although it is so common, it is polyvalent, ambiguous and difficult to grasp. Therefore, in the article we will try to take some steps in the direction of delineating a socio-logic of laughter, regarded both as a phenomenon of order and as a mode of social action.</p> Andrea Spreafico Copyright (c) 2020 Andrea Spreafico Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Introduzione. Per un’immaginazione sociologica oltre il lockdown: i contributi e le prospettive di ricerca <p>.</p> Lorenzo Viviani Copyright (c) 2020 Lorenzo Viviani Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Qualche lezione dal coronavirus <p>.</p> Vittorio Cotesta Copyright (c) 2020 Vittorio Cotesta Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Noi, nuovi ed incerti flâneur <p>.</p> Giandomenico Amendola Copyright (c) 2020 Giandomenico Amendola Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 La democrazia tra Scilla e Cariddi <p>.</p> Roberto Segatori Copyright (c) 2020 Roberto Segatori Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Un-Masking the Mask: Developing the Sociology of Facial Politics in Pandemic Times and After <p>.</p> David Inglis, Anna-Mari Almila Copyright (c) 2020 David Inglis, Anna-Mari Almila Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 La sfida del Covid-19 alla sociologia. Rileggere Elias ai tempi del coronavirus <p>.</p> Adele Bianco Copyright (c) 2020 Adele Bianco Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Uniti e divisi: la pandemia come prova della globalizzazione e delle sue ambivalenze <p>.</p> Marco Caselli Copyright (c) 2020 Marco Caselli Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Invecchiamento e Coronavirus: la costruzione sociale del rischio e la marginalizzazione degli anziani oltre il lockdown <p>.</p> Stefano Poli Copyright (c) 2020 Stefano Poli Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Oltre la pandemia: l’immaginazione sociologica alla prova del nostro tempo <p>.</p> Lorenzo Viviani Copyright (c) 2020 Lorenzo Viviani Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Ricordo di Luciano Pellicani: un grande amico, un grande studioso, un grande sociologo <p>.</p> Umberto Melotti Copyright (c) 2020 Umberto Melotti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Luciano Pellicani e la genesi del capitalismo: l’enigma svelato <p>.</p> Andrea Millefiorini Copyright (c) 2020 Andrea Millefiorini Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Luciano Pellicani: un sociologo difensore della libertà <p>.</p> Gianfranco Bettin Lattes Copyright (c) 2020 Gianfranco Bettin Lattes Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Appendice bio-bibliografica sugli autori <p>.</p> AAVV AAVV Copyright (c) 2020 Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000