SocietàMutamentoPolitica <p><strong><em>SocietàMutamentoPolitica</em></strong>&nbsp;is a journal of sociology. It includes theoretical and empirical studies of social phenomena in the belief that the interweaving of society and politics is of crucial analytical importance. Sociology is a form of knowledge that works alongside other social sciences and offers a rational tool for a critique of society and for the development of good government. The main aim of&nbsp;<em>SMP</em>is to encourage an exchange of views among sociologists by promoting open debate and encouraging the young to undertake new research.</p> Firenze University Press en-US SocietàMutamentoPolitica 2038-3150 <p>Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (<a href="">CC-BY-4.0</a>)</strong>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication.</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> Introduzione. Una sociologia francese e un nuovo paradigma <p>.</p> Enrico Caniglia Andrea Spreafico Copyright (c) 2021 Enrico Caniglia, Andrea Spreafico 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 5 9 10.36253/smp-12994 Uno sguardo altro sulla politicizzazione dei rapporti sociali. A proposito del lavoro concettuale della sociologia pragmatica <p class="p1">The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the contribution of pragmatic sociology on a conceptual level and to attempt to bring its political implications to light. It is the link between, on the one hand, methods of description that aim to capture the social world “as close as possible” to practices and, on the other hand, the goal of understanding the dynamics of the politicisation of society that has led pragmatic sociology to display great conceptual inventiveness.</p> Cyril Lemieux Copyright (c) 2021 Cyril Lemieux 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 11 23 10.36253/smp-12995 Mysteries, Conspiracies, and Inquiries: Reflections on the Power of Superstition, Suspicion, and Scrutiny <p class="p1">The main purpose of this paper is to provide a critical analysis of Luc Boltanski’s account of the multifaceted relationship between mysteries, conspiracies, and inquiries in modern societies. It is striking that, although this important aspect of Boltanski’s oeuvre has been commented on by several scholars, his principal contributions to this area of investigation have been largely overlooked and received hardly any serious attention by researchers in the humanities and social sciences. This paper is an attempt to fill this noticeable gap in the literature. Thus, rather than covering the entire breadth and depth of Boltanski’s writings, the paper will focus on the valuable insights his work offers into the relationship between mysteries, conspiracies, and inquiries. To this end, the analysis is divided into two parts. The first part comprises an overview of Boltanski’s central theoretical contributions to our understanding of mysteries, conspiracies, and inquiries. The second part offers some critical reflections on important issues arising from Boltanski’s examination of the relationship between mysteries, conspiracies, and inquiries – especially with regard to its limitations and shortcomings.</p> Simon Susen Copyright (c) 2021 Simon Susen 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 25 62 10.36253/smp-12996 Un régime pragmatique de l’arrangement. L’en-deçà du public, l’au-delà du familier <p class="p1">In this paper, I propose to define the properties of a new pragmatic regime of action, which I have appointed as the «&nbsp;regime of the arrangement&nbsp;». After a review of some work on regime of action developed from the perspective of pragmatic sociology, I underlined the importance of faces of arrangement in different areas of social life. By pointing out the semantic ambiguity of the arrangement, I have been able to identify the provisions, resources and practical modalities that allow me to consider it as a hybrid regime that is positioned&nbsp;<span class="s1">beyond the familiar</span>, but&nbsp;<span class="s1">below the public</span>.</p> Mohamed Nachi Copyright (c) 2021 Mohamed Nachi 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 63 79 10.36253/smp-12997 Sul modello delle Economie della Grandezza (EG): un’entratura <p class="p1">This article introduces the EG model, whose basic formulation is found in Boltanski and Thévenot’s <span class="s1">De la justification: les </span>économies<span class="s1"> del la grandeur</span> (1991) - English translation: <span class="s1">On Justification: Economies of Worth</span> (2006). It exposes the theoretical background of the model - notably the opposition between the pragmatic sociology of critique and bourdieusian critical sociology - and its architecture both the basic one and as this has been reshaped in time. The many revisions, applications, criticisms and extensions made up to now to one of the most influential models of contemporary sociology are discussed; it is a plural and diachronic model that systematizes the sense of justice of ordinary people starting from the critiques and justifications they put forward in the course of daily disputes.</p> Laura Gherardi Copyright (c) 2021 Laura Gherardi 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 81 90 10.36253/smp-12998 Which Place for Radical Trial in Genetic Structuralism and in Pragmatic Approach? <p class="p1">The article discusses the use of test / trial as a research tool proposed by different versions of sociology, namely by genetic structuralism owing to Pierre Bourdieu and by pragmatic approach assembled around the work of Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot. The inquiry is contextualized in the author’s study of civic mobilization in Russia taking into consideration sustainability and contingencies of institutional frameworks which shape different types of test. A series of publications produced by both sociological currents and employing the concept of trial is examined in order to retrace its actuation in several research contexts. A special attention is granted to a problem of social structures in which test results are resumed. For this purpose, a more attentive reading is offered to Patrick Champagne’s and Dominique Marchetti’s paper on the affair of ‘contaminated blood’, and to the book by Nicolas Dodier on outcomes of AIDS epidemic. The results let conclude on the compatibility of pragmatic approach with the Foucauldian concept of dispositive, as well as on methodological implications of field theory in study of trials. Making use of examples from Russian protest movement, the article proposes to complete the typology of tests and to account radical tests which target the abnormal reality and the problematic self together with more conventional public trials and controversies mediated by sustainable institutions.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> Alexander Bikbov Copyright (c) 2021 Alexander Bikbov 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 91 100 10.36253/smp-12999 Le devoir des sciences sociales. Cyril Lemieux et le durkheimisme pragmatique <p class="p1">In a context marked by an unprecedented crisis of the social sciences, the work of the sociologist Cyril Lemieux clearly stands out for his ambition to relaunch their project through a systematic reading of their history guided by a pragmatic redefinition, nourished by the philosophy of the second Wittgenstein, of the holistic perspective previously advanced by Emile Durkheim. The paper presents and discusses the theoretical core of this pragmatic Durkheimism, by clarifying the general notion of “grammar” and by elucidating the specific regime of “public grammar”. The latter turns out to occupy a strategic position, insofar as it enables defining the duty of the social sciences, which encapsulates the political task that sociology assigns to them: increasing the degree of reflexivity of practices, in order to work to their lucid transformation with a view to collective emancipation.&nbsp;</p> Francesco Callegaro Copyright (c) 2021 Francesco Callegaro 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 101 111 10.36253/smp-13000 The State, a Police Matter? What the Work of Internal Police Oversight Agencies Teaches Us about the State <p class="p1">The stateness of the police institution is often assumed by social scientists. This article attempts to show that making that stateness uncertain may contribute to a renewal of the sociology of the State. Based on a fieldwork led on a French police internal affairs device, this article shows that its investigations concerning acts of violence and acts of what we will call “misuse of police authority” uncover the boundaries of <span class="s1">police discretion</span>. The analysis of the distribution of sanctions by police internal affairs units permits the author to explore a sociology of <span class="s1">trials in the State</span>, that is to say of moments in which police stateness is experienced.</p> Cédric Moreau de Bellaing Copyright (c) 2021 Cédric Moreau de Bellaing 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 113 122 10.36253/smp-13001 Le contraddizioni della generazione e le pratiche simboliche delle donne. La Condizione fetale di Luc Boltanski: una sfida per la sociologia pragmatica <p class="p1">The paper argues that the sociological analysis of generation and abortion presented in The Foetal Condition constitutes a radicalisation of the sociology of critique and a challenge to it with respect to the understanding of authority and power. The challenge this book faces is to conceive of a freedom that is not liberal, not absolutized or individualistic. This freedom emerges as an issue in the words of the women interviewed in the research underlying The Foetal Condition. We will try to identify the reason the book’s analyses cannot fully understand it, identifying the main problem in the articulation of the notions of authority and power.</p> Stefania Ferrando Copyright (c) 2021 Stefania Ferrando 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 123 132 10.36253/smp-13002 Mettere alla prova la sociologia pragmatica: le teorie cospirative come oggetto di ricerca <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Pragmatic Sociology of Boltanski, Latour and others shows itself as a third way respect to two best known traditional French Sociologies: Pierre Bourdieu’s Critical Sociology and Raymond Boudon’s Sociology of Good Reasons. This essay points out the originality of the Pragmatic Sociology’s principles in the analysis of a controversial phenomenon: Conspirative Theory. It shows as Pragmatic Sociology manages to avoid the conspirationism typical of Bourdieu’s critical sociology, and the reductionism of Boudon’s sociology as well. However, Boltanski and Latour are not immune to the attitude to pathologize Conspirative Theory. Instead, a Pragmatic Sociology account should study the usage of the label “Conspirative Theory” as a rhetoric strategy of exclusion.</span></p> Enrico Caniglia Copyright (c) 2021 Enrico Caniglia 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 133 143 10.36253/smp-13003 Descrivere associazioni di entità in trasformazione <p class="p1">Bruno Latour – among the many ways he can be described – is one of the masters of contemporary pragmatic sociology and he has suggested many original innovations to sociology as a whole. This article aims to explore these innovations – in particular the idea of considering social action as the increasingly technoscientific result of even radically heterogeneous forces, which may or may not be associated in collaborative and alliance chains, in plural, dynamic and relational socio-technical networks, connecting human and non-human entities in carrying out a series of practical realisations in a corporeal and material world – and their possible application to apparently very different fields.</p> Andrea Spreafico Copyright (c) 2021 Andrea Spreafico 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 145 156 10.36253/smp-13004 Dispositifs et normativité <p class="p1">Starting from a discussion of the uses of the notion of <span class="s1">dispositif</span> in the social sciences, the article offers a sociological approach to normativity, illustrated by observations relating to a criminal hearing. Pragmatic sociology is thus reassessed in its contributions as well as other research currents which have also taken advantage, since the 1970s, of the heuristic character of the concept of <span class="s1">dispositif</span>: Foucauldian approaches; material-semiotic; study of interactions with artefacts from ethnomethodology. The article indicates in particular how to place the study of the valuation processes around the <span class="s1">dispositifs</span> at the heart of the inquiry.</p> Nicolas Dodier Janine Barbot Copyright (c) 2021 Nicolas Dodier, Janine Barbot 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 157 165 10.36253/smp-13005 Sociologia contemporanea, teoria critica, teoria sociale: il contributo di Boltanski. Una rilettura critica <p class="p1">In contemporary sociological theory, the work of Boltanski and his research group is viewed as central, for at least two reasons: its contribution to reopening debate in critical social theory and renewing the European sociological tradition. This paper sets out to analyse the main theoretical-conceptual elements of his “pragmatic sociology of critique” and explores the critical debate that followed it.</p> Lidia Lo Schiavo Copyright (c) 2021 Lidia Lo Schiavo 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 167 177 10.36253/smp-13006 Mito e realtà dell’impatto della pandemia su società e politica globali. Note per la ricerca sociale <p>.</p> Lorenzo Viviani Copyright (c) 2021 Lorenzo Viviani 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 179 183 10.36253/smp-13007 La terza età assiale. Alcune considerazioni sulla nuova forma del mondo <p>.</p> Vittorio Cotesta Copyright (c) 2021 Vittorio Cotesta 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 185 198 10.36253/smp-13008 Costruzioni sociali dell’alterità migrante nella società della pandemia: tra disattenzione pubblica, disciplinamento e pratiche emergenti della solidarietà <p>.</p> Stella Milani Copyright (c) 2021 Stella Milani 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 199 205 10.36253/smp-13009 L’eredità di Pareto ai tempi del populismo <p class="p1">Starting from the <span class="s1">Transformation of Democracy</span> (1921; engl. 1984), one of the last works by Pareto, this paper aims to highlight firstly the key aspects of the Pareto’s idea of politics and democracy, particularly concerning their functioning mechanism. Secondly, it helps to analyse the crisis of democracy and the populism wave experienced today by the advanced countries as well as the political situation in Italy. The paper is structured as follows. The first section is devoted to a Pareto’s profile as sociologist, trying to understand his historical, social and cultural framework. The second section is focused on his theoretical sociological activity and particularly on the distinction between logical and non-logical action. In the third section we are going to scrutinize the topic of the <span class="s1">Transformation of Democracy</span>. According to Pareto, the crisis of the sovereignty is due to the weakening of the State. It’s caused by the access to the power by those not qualified to be member of the ruling class. Consequently, the practice of democracy turns into spurious majorities, called by Pareto “demagogic plutocracy”. This kind of majorities manage power for their own benefit and not in favour of the whole community.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> Adele Bianco Copyright (c) 2021 Adele Bianco 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 207 216 10.36253/smp-13010 Pareto avec Tarde. Il governo delle folle tra persuasione delle derivazioni e presunzione della superiorità <p class="p1">Vilfredo Pareto has been an attentive reader of crowd psychology. The article mainly analyzes the relationship between Pareto and Gabriel Tarde, inserting it within the psychological and sociological debate of the late nineteenth century. The convergence between the two authors on the government of crowds can be traced in the persuasive force of the derivations and in the presumption of superiority as social mechanisms, respectively, of the circulation of the élite in Pareto and the propagation of the prestige of the leader in Tarde.</p> Sabina Curti Copyright (c) 2021 Sabina Curti 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 217 226 10.36253/smp-13011 La Lega al Sud. Il difficile cammino di un insediamento annunciato <p class="p1">The article illustrates the penetration strategies of Salvini’s League in Southern Italy, particularly after the 2018 general elections. The League’s strategies are closely observed in three territorial contexts: Calabria, Campania and Sicily. For each of these three regions, the article presents the choices made by the League and the ways of building a new local political class loyal to the party. The analysis shows that in all three regions there is a very important role of the party in central office in the selection of candidates and the definition of party positions, while a less important role is played by the local political class. This has led to strong conflicts and dissatisfaction among the new “leghisti” in these three regions. In fact, they do not find the political space they would like and that the party in central office doesn’t want to grant. Therefore, the path taken by the League in the South seems full of obstacles. Consequently, the new direction given to the Lega by Salvini, who wants to make the Northern League a true national party, is very uncertain.</p> Luciano Brancaccio Vittorio Mete Attilio Scaglione Dario Tuorto Copyright (c) 2021 Luciano Brancaccio, Vittorio Mete, Attilio Scaglione, Dario Tuorto 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 227 239 10.36253/smp-13012 La sociologie wébérienne du droit sous la loupe d’Hubert Treiber <p>.</p> François Chazel Copyright (c) 2021 François Chazel 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 241 249 10.36253/smp-13013 Gian Franco Elia: un Magnifico Rettore sociologo tra la città tecnologica e gli homeless <p>.</p> Giandomenico Amendola Copyright (c) 2021 Giandomenico Amendola 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 251 252 10.36253/smp-13014 Note bio-bibliografiche sugli autori <p>.</p> AAVV AAVV Copyright (c) 2021 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 12 23 253 256 10.36253/smp-13015