The relationship between finalism and judgment has been often interpreted only as the finalism attributed, by judging, to certain object or phenomena. Sometimes has been inversely interpreted from the point of view of the finality of judging itself, i.e., the teleological orientation of judging in the complex dimension of life.

Judging seems at the same time a circular movement, starting from the nature itself, and from the nature of our mind, going to the dimension of objects, structures, natural kinds, beauty, etc. and coming back to nature of man, and nature itself, by a sort of mirroring. Such dynamics of complementary mirroring between inverse finality relations has been already explored from a philosophical point of view by German Idealism (Fichte, Schelling, Novalis, Hölderlin, Hegel) but also by Phenomenology (Husserl and Merleau-Ponty). At the same time, such topic opens new links to other disciplines and to an interdisciplinary approach to the activity self of judging as well as to the conception of finality in many research fields as ethno-anthropology, psychology, cognitive science, history of ideas.

The issue of Aisthesis devoted finalism in judgment and finalism of judging intend to rethink such “ordo inversus” of the relationship between judgement and finality bridging gaps between philosophy (and aesthetics) and other disciplines, by putting together essays of scientists and scholars focusing the double dimensionality of judging.